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The 10th edition of the symposium on the development of jurisprudence sciences in Oman under the theme ‘The
Sultanate of Oman hosts Symposium on evolving jurisprudence issues to meet new world challenges.
By Dr. Hussein Shehadeh – MUSCAT
Islamic Jurisprudence in a changing world,’ concluded under the auspices of His Eminence Sheikh Ahmed Bin Hamad Al Khalili, the Sultanate’s Grand Mufti, on 12. April.
Scholars and researchers from across the world discussed major social and economic issues of interest to their societies.
The symposium came out with a number of recommendations that included, stressing the importance of studying the comparative jurisprudence.
The recommendations also highlighted the importance of enabling jurisprudence to deal constructively with the changes through highlighting the ability of Islam and its scholars to keep pace with the developments of the age and purify both the schools of jurisprudence and comparative jurisprudence from all views that do not fit with the age and the surrounding circumstances.
The symposium also recommended inviting Sharia jurisprudence scholars and law professionals to meet and draft the bylaws that regulate work in changing issues.
The symposium underlined the importance of attaching care to sufficiency duties to provide open space for developing the Islamic societies.
The recommendations also pointed out to the importance of establishing a brotherhood relation between the Shura organisation and the Sharia scholars to find a compromise between the jurisprudence ruling and its social applications.
They also said that nationality is a new political term that emerged with the emergence of the modern state in the late 18th century. Nationality therefore refers to the affiliation of individuals and groups to a specific country and that it does not contradict with Islam.
The symposium also pointed out that classifying the world into war state and peace state represent only a situation that was forced by the relationship between Muslims and non Muslims in case there is a war between them. There is no proof that this classification would remain forever. The recommendations also highlighted the importance of attaching care to the minority jurisprudence in a bid to meet their needs and highlight the jurisprudence rulings for issues that face them in their lives within non Islamic societies.
The symposium affirmed that the group diligence in Oman has been crystal clear in the past and present and that the role played by the jurisprudence academies in the modern age is very prominent as they addressed a number of contemporary issues, such as, invitro fertilisation, test tube babies, autopsy, removal of resuscitation machines, organ implantation and others.
These jurisprudence academies took into consideration the priorities and balance jurisprudence and have been tolerant and not fanatic to any school of jurisprudence. The symposium also recommended attaching care to the digital jurisprudent on the Internet by authenticating it and developing its limitation in terms of form and content to ensure its efficiency and ability to play its prospective role in raising religious awareness among people and linking them to Sharia umbrella.
A number of working papers and researches were discussed. Dr Wahba al Zahili discussed in his research the approach of the jurisprudence (Fiqh) academies in the Islamic world in addressing the contemporary issues including the Islamic Researches Academy in Cairo, established in 1962, which issued Fatwas in usury and Al Ta'ani in the Islamic Sharia.
He also touched on the International Islamic Fiqh Academy in Jeddah affiliated to Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC) which was established in 1981 and the Islamic Fiqh Academy in India and Sharia Jurists in America and Canada. He pointed out that the jurisprudence academies observe the priority jurisprudence and has been very flexible and not fanatic to certain creed.
Dr Abdul Satar Abu Ghuda presented a research on nationality in the Islamic jurisprudence and its Sharia rules. Dr Nasser bin Mohammed al Hajri presented a research on nationality rules in Islam where he pointed out that Islam is not only a religion but a Sharia because it regulates the relationship between the individual and the Almighty.
Dr Saud bin Sa'aed al Haabsi presented a working paper on the approach of the jurisprudence academies in the Non Islamic world in addressing the contemporary issues "the minorities jurisprudence".
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World News Up-dated : Mosaic World News